Sevilla is a city rich in history. It is located on the Guadalquivir River and was originally an Iberian town in the 2nd century BCE. From the 5th through the 8th century CE, it was ruled by the Visigoths. After the Visigoths, Sevilla was ruled by the Moors until the 13th century. After the Moors, Ferdinand III led the Spanish Christians to take Sevilla back from the Muslims. Much later, in 1808, Sevilla was captured by the French and the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War. Under the Muslims, Sevilla was a center for culture, as well as a commercial center in the area. Once the Spanish Christians took over, Sevilla once again was a center for culture, as it became the center of trade between Spain and its American colonies. Even though Sevilla has had many different people controlling it, that led to the astounding culture it has today.
One of the biggest historical tourist centers is the Alcázar Palace. This is one of the oldest royal palaces in Europe that is still in use. The Alcázar Palace is just a fortified palace and is located on Plaze del Triunfo. The History of the Alcázar Palace can be broken into five distinct eras. Beginning in the Moorish era, it was built in 712, but was added to in the 12th century for Almohad Caliphate. Following the Moorish era was the Gothic era. The main difference between the eras is architectural changes. Many pieces are added, and each piece represents the era in which it was added. The biggest gothic piece is the vault room. Large, gothic vaulted ceilings and the Sevillano yellow are major gothic features. The next era was the Mudéjar era. The major piece added here was the Mudéjar architecture in King Peter’s Palace. This is the heart of the Alcazar, and the best example of Mudéjar architecture still intact. Polylobate arches, sebqa stucco, blue Arabic lettering and Christian words all brought together here. More Mudéjar architecture is the Maidens’ courtyard. There are large marble columns with stucco arches, many sculptures of knights and coats of arms. The walkways are higher up than the gardens in the courtyard to make it easier to pick the fruits. The Alcázar Palace, much like the rest of Sevilla, has had a rich history and many different rulers and types of people living there. Sevilla has a rich history, and if you look carefully, you can see each layer of culture and architecture shining through.