Population 3

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): Traumatic brain injury is a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the function of the brain. A non-traumatic brain injury can be the result of an illness, oxygen deprivation, metabolic disorders, aneurysms, cardiac arrest or near-drowning experience. It includes injuries to the brain that are not caused by an external physical force to the head (Shepherd center, 2023). Individuals with a TBI have varying levels of function; Some types of TBI can cause temporary or short-term problems with normal brain function, including problems with how the person thinks, understands, moves, communicates, and acts. More serious TBI can lead to severe and permanent disability, and even death (NIH,2023). A TBI can impact motor functions and difficulty maintaining balance, falling, or abnormal walking.