Public Documents


This shirt was found at the first visitors center we went to. The image on this shirt is done for two reason. First, to rally support behind the park. At every visitor center we went to observe there was the option to donate. You could not make a purchase without being asked to round up to the next dollar to help Yellowstone. Second, to get you to purchase the shirt. “America’s Best Idea” causes one to think that all of America agrees with this statement. Any America theme sells quickly anyways due to national pride. If you look closely you can see people climbing over the words. They appear to be hiking and exploring, but also look like soldiers. Many people rally behind that, so the designers of this wanted to rally support for the park as well.


Obviously, the main message behind this flyer is safety. We picked this up in Gardiner in the newspaper. After our explorations through-out Jackson Hole, Gardiner, and Livingston there was one theme that was in common, tourist. We determined that the need for flyers like these have risen as the number of people who visit the park increases. We even witnessed the madness ourselves when driving from Jackson Hole to Gardiner. There was a traffic jam and crowds of people right next to a momma bear and her two cubs. This flyer is to reiterate the fact that this is not a zoo and the animals are in their natural habitat, so people need to be more aware.


Similar to the photo above, this sign is about safety. More specifically this sign is relating to environmental safety. While driving around the GYE we were stopped or slowed multiple times due to idling. We knew this was dangerous because of car accidents, but we never considered the fact that it was bad for our environment until we noticed this sign. That must be the case for most people. They are just generally uneducated about the world around them sometimes they do not stop to think how their actions could effect someone besides themselves. Putting the bison in the exhaust is a great idea because generally when people think of Yellowstone they think of a bison.

Photo Gallery


We believe this photograph titled “East Meets West”, shows how much trout mean to the area around Yellowstone. The photo shows a grizzly bear and panda bear meeting, but in the background is a huge image of a trout, representing the meaningfulness of trout. We think this shows that no matter what else is going on with other animals, the trout is very important.


This picture titled, “The Gift”, clearly shows the trout as being special or a gift to Yellowstone. The native cutthroat has declined in numbers since the introduction of lake trout. This could depict how people think of the cutthroat as a gift and would like to see its’ numbers increase in size.


This art work titled, “Balancing Fin and Yang”, in our opinion is a representation of the essential balance between lake trout, cutthroat trout and fisherman. Trout are obviously important to the ecosystem here and need to remain in balance. Currently the lake trout are hurting the native cutthroat trout, so changes must be made to balance these types of fish.



This picture titled, “Fishing the Yellowstone”, shows a small human trying to pierce a trout. The trout is much bigger in size though. We believe this shows how the lake trout has reeled in fishermen to want to fish for it instead of the native cutthroat trout. Fishermen say the lake trout are much more of a thrill to fish.


This painting titled, “Trout Hell”, symbolizes the internal sense of trout fishing pressure. It shows how the trout around Yellowstone are being fished at scary levels, and that the native Cutthroat are in trouble.



Getting to know Pack 5

Athamandia Bond

Hi, my name is Athamandia Bond. I am 21 and from Virginia Beach, where I lived in the same house my entire life. I am a biology major and hope to attend optometry school after Longwood. I have always enjoyed nature and just being outside, so that is the main reason I signed up for the Yellowstone trip. The other reason being that I don’t have to take english 400 in a classroom, since english isn’t really my thing.

After experiencing this trip I am truly grateful. I really feel like it was a once in a lifetime experience and I enjoyed every minute of it. I thought getting up at 4:15 am to go wildlife watching would be miserable but the things we were able to see made it so worth it. Seeing all the wildlife in the GYE that I normally wouldn’t see was one of my favorite things. The wolves, bears, and baby owls were breathtaking, along with all of the other wildlife. I also never got tired of seeing bison, especially when they were in arms reach from the car window. The landscape was stunning as well and I often wondered how certain structures formed. Fortunately, I had Matt with me to explain how these things, like geysers, were formed. The trip also allowed me to interact with many people I would never have if not for this class. I really enjoyed this, since I am usually quite shy and introverted. All in all, this trip out west was a great experience that allowed me to gain a lot of knowledge and I will always remember it.


Matt Perry

Hello, my name is Matthew Perry from Williamsburg Va. I grew up spending a lot of my time as a young kid outside. This was one of the reasons that I was pushed towards majoring as an Integrated Environmental student. My intention is to find a job that contains my passion for the outdoors and nature. As soon as I heard of this class I knew it would be an amazing opportunity for me. It would give me the opportunity to spend some time in the outdoors and even put some of the information that I had been learning to the test. It would also satisfy the english 400 goal, which isn’t one of my passions or strengths.

     This trip was more meaningful than I had ever expected it would be. I figured I would just use this as a way to escape from Virginia, and have a special vacation. On the contrary, I learned more in this english class than I ever would have in the normal english 400 class. I was able to obtain an overall broader perspective and knowledge of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and how each specific issue became an issue and what humans are doing to try and fix them. One of my most special memories that will stay with me forever was waking up at 5 am to go wildlife watching. For the first time in my life I got to watch adult and baby wolves interact in their own homes, instead of through a tv screen. Being able to go ziplining for the first time in my life also was a huge plus. I’m only mildly afraid of heights so this activity was slightly pushing my comfort zone. Overall this trip was worth every cent and bit of effort, and I would recommend it to all students throughout every major.

Kerby Dalton

Hey! My name is Kerby Dalton and I am from Mechanicsville, Virginia. I am currently a senior at Longwood University. I study social work. This trip was out of my comfort zone. I signed up for Yellowstone mainly because the pictures looked beautiful and I had never been before.  At first, I did not think I was going to be able to keep up with all the biology facts. Luckily, so many people there had so much knowledge they were able to explain it all to me in a way that got me excited. I never have been much of an investigator. I enjoy the outdoors, but never really have that urge to explore. Through-out the week I found myself exploring more and more and asking more and more questions. I am so glad I stepped out of my comfort zone and went on this trip. Also, I was able to pick up on issues others didn’t see from my social work perspective. I would love to come back out to Yellowstone and become an advocate for the animals or even the people who their who deserve it. In general, this trip gave me a greater appreciate for the natural world around me.

Exploring Livingston

Our pack explored the town of Livingston on Monday May 16th from12:30-2pm. When we first started out we began by walking from a neighborhood to the main part of town. This town is surrounded by the beautiful mountains.

The houses we saw were your basic small town homes, small with a unique build for each house. There was not much of a run down part of town, which makes sense with the median house values being $164,500.  One interesting thing we did notice was that instead of a rain gutter running all the way down from the gutter to the ground they had chains or little buckets of some sort.

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We also spent time in a park. It was well maintained and had a swing set and play area. While walking through town we noticed a lot of antique, thrift stores, and art museums. We spoke to several friendly business owners. One commented on how she loves this town because of their sense of community even with being a tourist town as well. According to the U.S. Census, Livingston is 96% white, which was apparent while roaming around the town.  Many of the businesses in Livingston uses the mountains in their logos. In our observations, Livingston is a tourist town with a small town vibe as well. Meaning Livingston does rely on tourism, but that is not the whole purpose of the town. In general, Livingston seemed to be a genuine community.

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Gardiner, MT

May 17-20 @ Gardiner, MT

Gardiner has a diverse landscape including mountains, rolling hills, valleys, flat lands, rivers, and streams. The main area of the town has restaurants, hotels, outdoor adventures, and gift shops. These built structures benefit from tourists and the local community. Other than those built structures there is a bridge crossing over the Yellowstone River and housing along the back of town. This housing allows the 875 person population to live here. When zip lining we were able to talk with the guides regarding how they ended up in Gardiner. They told us that they come for the summer to work and live in a house with all of their coworkers for $150 a summer. This rent appears to be of the lowest in town considering the median house value is $287,500. There is a lot of people coming from different places to work here for the summer though. The economy is geared toward the fact that Gardiner is right by the North entrance of Yellowstone. In the summer it is geared by tourism, but other seasons are not geared as much towards tourism. Overall the people in Gardner seemed to be very nice, energetic, and welcoming.


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Jackson Hole

May 16, 2016


Location: Jackson, WY North Jackson Street to Cache Street

Jackson Hole is a flat town surrounded by mountains. We explored the section behind downtown. There were a lot of hotels in this section of town. We did notice a few smaller houses in this area. They did not compare to the hotels that we noticed. There were a couple of restaurants in this area, locally owned businesses, and smaller shops. A small park was located behind one of the hotels we saw. Walking around was difficult at times due to the lack of sidewalks behind the main part of town. Jackson Hole, WY holds 9,577 people. Housing here is expensive, typically houses range from $50,000 to over $1 million dollars with the average income being $64,345. Also, when we were walking through talk we noticed bunch of help wanted signs in multiple store windows. When talking to the people of Jackson a common theme that arose was the housing issues. One man informed us how only 3% of the land is build-able, yet so many people want to live here. This town is generally filled with tourist. It’s a tourist town. This is obvious through all the hotels that we saw in our part of town. Most of the businesses we saw were geared toured the tourist population. Another person that we spoke to had an assumption about the town. He commented on the fact that this town is pro-environment. We determined that this could be an indication of the town being left-sided. In general, the people of Jackson were welcoming to the tourist community, but had serious concerns regarding property values and development.


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Stewardship Dialouge

How can we strengthen the cutthroat trout population in Yellowstone? #cutoutlaketrout

How to get involved:

Use Twitter, Instagram, or Facebook to share any info and/or reply to our posts using  #fisharefriends, as well as #LUYNP!

Learn more:

Cutthroat trout is the native species of trout in Yellowstone National Park. Cutthroat trout provide food to many animals in the park, including birds and grizzly bears. Grizzly bears are one of the more prominent animals that feed on Cutthroat trout, due to their amounts of lipid and protein, and easy digestibility. The use of Cutthroat for feeding for other animals in the park is just one of the reasons they are so valuable. They have been considered a “keystone” to Yellowstone and are therefore very important and meaningful.

By the late 1800’s, Captain F. A. Boutelle and the fish commission launched the first group of invasive species inside the Yellowstone National Park. The native Cutthroat and Arctic Greyline trout were gone from Yellowstone by the early 1900’s. Lake trout, a non-native species to Yellowstone National Park, was introduced illegally and later found in 1994. The lake trout have been found to feed on the native Cutthroat trout. And, not just feeding, but almost solely feeding on them. If it wasn’t bad enough these two species are even hybridizing.

In 1978 at Clear Creek in Yellowstone Cutthroat trout were spawning at 70,000, by the year 2007 that number dropped to 538. Cutthroat has been reduced for a number of reasons including mining, grazing, and logging. The biggest threat still remains to be the lake trout. Lake trout are estimated to eat 41 cutthroat trout per year. Many predators can not prey on lake trout due to their size and how deep they live in the water. The U.S. Forest Service and National park service have reported several ongoing projects which goals are to protect the cutthroat trout and their habitats.

Additional sources:



Works Cited

Brown, Matthew. “Yellowstone Trout Declining. Time to Celebrate?” The Christian Science

Gunther, Kerry. “Grizzly Bears & Cutthroat Trout.” National Park Service. June 1995. Web. Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor, 2014. Web.

“The Ecological Angler.” – Restoring Native Trout to Yellowstone Lake. Web. 12 May 2016.

 United States. National Park Service. “Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Web. 12 May 2016.


Our journey through the GYE