Journal 7

My results were that I scored at a 55 on the good listener scale, I am not surprised because I do try to be an effective listener especially when it comes to others telling me important things. I plan to improve my listening skills by not tuning out when difficult topics arise and make it seem as though I understand when I do not. I plan to explain where I am coming from and that I am not understanding what is happening hoping this will yield better results.

I can assess someones skills by the message receiving process, to check for understanding and comprehension, as well as coaching feedback to assess listening skills, I can use these techniques to focus on my own listening skills as well.

I best receive feedback and critique by a motivational lense, a positive sandwich is usually what i respond to best, encouraging me while also giving me the criticism i need in order to succeed better. Being aware of how to listen can impact me as a social worker because it will make clients feel as though they have someone who cares and who cares about what they have to say where they may not have that in their lives.

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My name is Kacy Lloyd and welcome to my personal identity development portfolio! I am currently in the Counselor Education Program at Longwood University focusing on the mental health track. Feel free to browse around my page and reach out to me if there are any questions. Thank you!

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Journal #3

I scored highly in family and social values as well as community and spiritual values, I am not surprised because these are things that are very important to me, I want to achieve more success in the area of financial and physical, I wish I put more effort into these because I feel as though it would benefit me greatly. I was surprised that I scored lower in professional because I consider myself to be very professional and I thought it was something I highly valued. It is something I will continue to work on in the future.

My values will impact me as a social worker because valuing communities is important in social work because the NASW code of ethics states that “Social workers pursue social change, particularly with and on behalf of vulnerable and oppressed individuals and groups of people. Social workers’ social change efforts are focused primarily on issues of poverty, unemployment, discrimination, and other forms of social injustice. These activities seek to promote sensitivity to and knowledge about oppression and cultural and ethnic diversity. Social workers strive to ensure access to needed information, services, and resources; equality of opportunity; and meaningful participation in decision making for all people” (NASW, 2018) I relate with this value because it effects many communities each day and spiritually it allows me to focus on the change needed for groups of people.

My values and beliefs effect my leadership because I go into a work place with the mindset that most of it is not in my control but rather the Lords hands and this could effect me in my job because I will have that spiritual faith based bias whereas some clients may not affiliate with any religion at all so I will have to be careful when navigating conversations and how to address the concerns of my clients leaving my bias out of it.

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Position Statement 2

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Civil War History of Sevilla – James

The beginnings of a renaissance in Sevilla was triggered by the Ibero-American
Exposition of 1929. This exposition occurred on May 9, 1929 and ended June 21, 1930 showcasing the similarities held between Spain, Latin America, the United States, Portugal and Brazil. The goal was to improve relations between the attending countries. The Ibero-american Exposition coincided with the Barcelona International Exhibition of 1929, together the two expositions made up the General Spanish Expositions. During the exposition the gardens gifted by Duke de Montpensier were renewed.

During the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939 the Nationalists had captured the area, preserving much of the city. The Spanish Civil war was triggered by an uprising in Seville on July 18 1936 which failed in many regions located in Andalusian cities but succeeded in the regions of Cordoba, Granada, Cadiz, and in the capital city of Seville. In Seville a city garrison ,which was led by nationalist General Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, occupied the city and carried out a bloody repression. In August 1936 the Nationalists led by Llano began their march to Madrid from Seville.

The Nationalist Uprising in Seville would last from July 18,1936 till July 25, 1936. A group of army officers from the Spanish Army would attempt to overthrow the Popular Front government of the Second Spanish Republic. The goal of their coup was to seize control of the main cities in the country, Seville would be one of these.

The Nationalist coup in Seville would be led by Quiepo de Llano. According to Llano he and a small unit of 130 soldiers and 15 civilians had managed to seize the Seville with him personally arresting the Republican general Villa-Abrile after convincing the republican garrison to join the coup. The Seville coup was organized by José Cuesta Moreneo, chief of staff of Seville, who struggled to find participants for the coup since most of the men were on summer leave.

The Coup in Seville began on July 18 when Llano and some of his supporters arrested Villa-Abrille as well as a colonel of the 6th Remient named Manuel Allengi, who had refused to join the uprising. Members of the artillery regiment joined the uprising and bombed the gobierno civil or the civil government. The Civil governor would surrender and join the uprising after Quiepo de Llano promised to spare his life, after the surrender the assault guards and police were executed.

After the coup all members of the Republican parties and the leftist parties were rounded up by Nationalists and imprisoned. The entire operation was organized by captain Diz Criado, a Spanish infantry officer. Many Republican supporters were executed after the coup in retaliation for the 13 nationalists that had been executed during the coup. Llano sent a column of Civil Guards, Falangists, requetes and soldiers to occupy other towns in the province; this army would be financed by the wealthy landowners. Many prisoners would be sent to the columns in Seville to be executed. The rebel actions in Seville were key to a strategic victory .


Investigating Repression During the Spanish Civil War: Seville, 1936 | Penn CURF, University of Pennsylvania, 2022,

Nelson, Richard. “The Spanish Civil War Begins – Archive, July 1936.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 14 July 2021,

“Pavilions of the 1929 Ibero-American Exhibition.” Turismo De La Provincia De Sevilla, 2022,,United%20States%2C%20Portugal%20and%20Brazil.

Payne, Stanley G. The Spanish Civil War. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

“Seville and the Expo of 1929.” Seville and the Expo of 1929 | in English, Travel Safe, 2022,

The Spanish civil war begins – archive, 1936

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Put A Ring On It: A Longwood class ring makes a great gift!

If you’re thinking about what to give your Lancer this holiday season, you might want to consider a Longwood class ring.

In addition to being a lasting memento of one of the most pivotal times of their lives, a class ring gives your junior or senior Lancer—as well as their invited guests—the opportunity to participate in Longwood’s Ring Ceremony. It’s a cherished tradition where Longwood President W. Taylor Reveley IV and a member of the Alumni Board present students with their rings, which have spent the previous night in a special locked chest in the Rotunda.

Class rings spend the night in the Rotunda under the watchful eye of Joanie before the Ring Ceremony the next day. Students can invite family members to attend the ceremony.

The next Ring Ceremony is set for Saturday, March 25, 2023. The final date to purchase a ring in time for it to be presented at the 2023 Ring Ceremony is Feb. 9, 2023. Everyone who purchases a ring by Feb. 9, 2023, will receive an invitation to the ceremony.

Proud Lancers with their new Longwood class rings. Feb. 9, 2023, is the last day to purchase a ring to be able to attend the Ring Ceremony, which will be on Saturday, March 25, 2023.

Balfour is the only company to offer the official Longwood ring. Visit the Balfour website to see options and costs.

More information is available online about purchasing a ring and the Ring Ceremony. Or contact Alumni and Career Services at

—Sabrina Brown

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Cuisine in Madrid

The city’s culinary history began when King Felipe ll established Madrid as the capital of Spain which attracted a major population influx from many people around all parts of the Spanish Empire. Trade thrived across the Atlantic between Spain and America and Madrid was able to enjoy a culture golden age between the 16th and 17th centuries. Madrid re-shaped the local gastronomy, dividing it into two independent branches including humble and aristocratic cuisine and this remained for the next 4 centuries. Many of the food traditions since first being created such as tapas. Many say they were created when King Alfonso X of Castile recovered from an illness by drinking wine with small dishes in between meals. Today, the king doesn’t serve wine without it being accompanied by the small snack of tapas. In the city of Madrid, dinner is normally served around 10pm at the earliest, so when living or visiting Madrid the tapas can be useful to tie you over before a late dinner. 

Madrid is home to the world’s oldest restaurant allowing the city to have heritage and tradition of fine dining. You will find a wide variety of tasty treats tucked away whether it is in the city’s bodegas or sold from vendors on the street. A lot of Madrid’s food scene is centered around the world-famous markets located along the streets, where people buy quick and to go food while shopping for the local produce being sold. These customs that Madrid has have helped shape the city with foods that can be enjoyed authentically on a tight budget.

Bocadillo de Calamares

Madrid has its own gastronomy with the typical recipes which include tripe, snails, squid rolls and tapas. Although the city has its own practice of cooking they also follow culinary specialties from other parts of Spain to be enjoyed by the natives. Some popular dishes that have been created by the Spanish include Paella, a rice dish with your choice of seafood and/or meats of a variety, Roast Suckling Pig, Galacian Octopus, Bean Stew, prepared with white beans, sausage, black pudding and bacon, Fried Fish, and many more delectable dishes served for lunch and dinner. 

Regalitos de Rabo de Toro

Eating in Madrid is one of the best experiences for people visiting. Being able to find where each food gastronomic quarter is easy and there are many different places to try out. You can find traditional foods in the old city near Royal Palace of Madrid and Plaza Mayor. Modern and International can be found in the neighborhoods of Malasana and Chueca. Ethnic foods can be found in Lavapies, where you can find Indian and African restaurants. And if you’re trying a more sophisticated and fancy plate, you would head to the Salamanca quarter. While food in America is much different, Madrid, Spain has one of the healthiest diets compared to many countries all over the world including fresh meats and veggies. None of the foods served in the city are processed which make the city’s food more appealing to many individuals. 

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Madrid’s Art Walk

 By taking a short walk through Madrid’s golden triangle of art you can see works by some of history’s greatest artists within the span of about one kilometer. The Prado, the Thyssen-Bornemisza, and the Reina Sofía are all located within close proximity to one another along the Paseo del Prado and are must-see historic sites when traveling to Madrid. The Prado Museum is one of Spain’s main national art museums, featuring artists such as Francisco Goya, El Greco, Titian, and Diego Velázquez, it is considered by many to be one of the greatest museums in the world. The nearby Thyssen-Bornemisza was the second-largest private art collection at one time, second only to the British Royal Collection. The third museum on the Paseo del Prado is the Reina Sofía which was named after Queen Sofia when it was opened in 1992. This museum is Spain’s national museum of 20th-century art and is home to works by artists like Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali, making its collection the more modern of the Golden Triangle. When visiting Madrid, either studying towards a degree, brushing up on art history to polish up some lectures, or just to take in some of the wonderful sites that Spain has to offer, the Paseo del Prado is certainly worth checking out.

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Industrial History of Bilbao

One of the most significate aspects of the city of Bilbao is its location. Situated on the ibaizabal-nervion in northern Spain, which would become a common passageway for merchants selling goods. Along with selling goods, the city would also export iron ore found in the ibaizbal-nervion. The ironwork done in Bilbao would produce goods that would sell all around Europe. This port city would become one of the main attractive factors under the kingdom of Castile under King John. This would cause Bilbao to become an economic mecca for the basque region with many foreign workers coming to the city to find work. Iron mining would be a staple of the region for the coming centuries. In the early 20th century workers would form a metal works company called Altos Hornos de Vizcaya which would become one of the largest producers of iron goods during the time in Spain. Supporters of the Altos Hornos de Vizcaya would come from major cities like Madrid, Vizcaya, Barcelona, and even London England. But in the late 1990s, the Altos Hornos de Vizcaya would see a decrease in production due to new European tariffs on imported iron and metal goods. 

One of the best museums I’d recommend visiting is Itsasmueum which is a museum that is the Euskalduna ship yeard recreated into a museum covering maritime history. In the museum, you will have a ton of different permanent exhibits. Many exhibits explore maritime sea rescue, navigation, industrial port, shipbuilding, and many more. With admission being free some days the museum is definitely worth a visit and is a good way to learn about the history of the port city and also the economical value of the port. 


In 1937 during the Spanish civil war as Nationalists were invading the city of Bilbao, the Spains government would create Bilbo’s Iron Ring. This Iron Ring would consist of a line of fortifications which included trenches, bunkers underground fortifications, used to defend the city and surrounding regions around Bilbos. The Iron Ring would quickly fall to the nationalist when Alejandro Goicoechea would switch sides with the nationalist giving up the groundworks of the fortification which would be easily taken out within the coming days with modern weapons. These weapons would include German airplane bombing raids that would destroy most of the city. But today the Iron Ring is still seen in the mount sides of Artxanda which is the mountain range around Bilbao. The Artxanda is available to the public as you can take a day trip up the mountain to see the fortifications and also get a view of the city. 

Beautiful Basque Country

Bilbao in the 20th century saw itself go from a booming industrial city after the reconstruction of damages caused by the Spanish Civil War. To a down fill-in, economic strength due to local terrorism by the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna has started to recover over the past few decades. Bilbo still stands as one of Spain’s cities that have a rich history of industrialism, art, and culture. 

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Sports in Toledo

Toledo is home to many different kinds of sports and activities, ranging from just walking around the beautiful landscapes, to their very own Football Club. Since Toledo is a city in Spain, football, which of course is known as soccer to us in the United States, is very popular. Not only is their interpretation of football very popular in Toledo, but with the rapid spread of the NFL into foreign countries, maybe one day an NFL game will be held somewhere in the city of Toledo.

Club Deportivo Toledo, better known as CD Toledo, is the regional football team that plays in Toledo, Spain. Founded about 100 years ago in 1928, CD Toledo is a relatively young club team even when comparing it to their nearby neighbors, Real-Madrid Club de Fútbol, who was founded in 1902. CD Toledo holds their games in Estadio Salto del caballo which is in the middle of the city and can hold more than 5,000 spectators. Watching a football game is a great way to connect with the culture and the spirit of Spain.

While CD Toledo is not very well known for being the best Fútbol club in Spain, only an hour away from Toledo, Real Madrid plays their games. Real Madrid is one of the most famous clubs in the world and have been dominant in the sport for many years. Real Madrid is known for having famous football players to play for them such as Cristiano Ronaldo, Gareth Bale, Marcelo, and many more. Many Toledo born football fans quickly become fans of Real Madrid due to the proximity and the popularity of the team.

The Plaza de Zocodover in Toledo is a town square where many people have met up throughout Spain’s history. It was designed by Juan de Herrera during Philip II’s reign and since then has acted as the city’s main square. Many different celebrations are held here, it is a common meeting place for the people of Toledo, and it is a popular place for children to play on the playgrounds and even for people of all ages to play sports in the streets of the square. 

According to the 2019 Bloomberg Health Report, Spain ranked number 1 amongst 169 other countries in health variables such as life expectancy, tobacco use and obesity. Another key part to keeping Toledo and the rest of Spain so healthy is the amount of outdoor activities that you can partake in. With the many mountains in and around Spain, there are countless opportunities to hike around the mountains in between Madrid and Toledo or even rock-climb in some areas. There are also many water activities such as wakeboarding, kayaking, or paddle boarding in the Tajo river. Not only are there extreme activities like wakeboarding or rock climbing, but there are a ton of parks in Toledo where you can just walk around or play soccer with your buddies after school. Whatever your taste is, whether it be watching a football match or hiking a mountain, Toledo has something that will satisfy it.

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