Stages of Literacy

When a child learns to write, they go through multiple stages to get to the point where they have readable handwriting and are able to use proper mechanics of writing. Along with the stages, there are average ages and grades that the student should be at when they develop those specific writing skills. Some students develop through these stages much faster than others, and some develop through the stages at a slower pace. What is important is that there is growth through the child’s literacy.

It is important for teachers to teach students in a way for them to grow and to keep them on track throughout their years of schooling. As a future teacher, my goal is to keep my students on track with their literacy skill through any means necessary. If they fall behind, then an evidence-based intervention should be done to get them back on track.

This links to a timeline of my own literacy development. Click the play button below to hear me read this.

Below is a list of stages that we go through as we grow in our writing.

Stage 0: 

  • Student scribbles to resembles drawing/letters
  • Usage of directionality in a left to right direction and then later
  • Later stages, students can draw letter like formations that are not intentional.
  • Writes long strings of letters and then moves on to grouping them.
  • Phonological awareness needs to be focused on

Stage 1: 

  •  5,000 words in their vocabulary
  • Can form letters neatly and fluently
  • Can spell consonant blends and digraphs.

Stage 2:

  • Writing to express ideas and writing purposefully
  • Write in complete sentences
  • Can write letters, poems, book reports, etc
  • Vocabulary needs to be taught directly and indirectly

Stage 3a: 

  • Greater emphasis on gathering information and identifying the main idea
  • Comprehension skills being focused on such a summarizing and predicting

Stage 3b: 

  • Focus turns to “middle school literacy”
  • Writing for an authentic purpose
  • Greater diversity of vocabulary, sentence structure, idiomatic language, and rhetorical devices.

Stage 4: 

  • Able to compose a range of text
  • The students are consolidating general reading, writing, and learning.

4 thoughts on “Stages of Literacy

  1. Elizabeth Bradley says:

    I really like the aesthetic of your blog! It’s very clean and easy to read.

    I would either shorten the intro or break it into two paragraphs, to make it less intimidating.

  2. Samantha Davis says:

    I like your layout and how you divide everything up into the different stages. I would however, in the first paragraph, separate where you start talking about teaching from the beginning introduction.

  3. Elizabeth Drotos says:

    I really like the clean and simple spacing. Everything is laid out nicely and easy to read. You links are right there at the front so I do not have to go looking around for them.

  4. Myeshia Howell says:

    I think that this is very well organized. I like that you included information about your goals as a teacher. I wouldn’t change anything.

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