Students, and teachers, and visitors… Oh my!

Stakeholders. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, stakeholders are any person with an interest or concern in something. Because of it’s broad interpretation and definition, there can be a variety of different stakeholders for one specific issue. By proposing a campus wide instillation of basic medical training for incoming freshman, there are a lot of stakeholders that are apart of this decision. According to the US Census taken in 2010, there were 8,216 people living in the town of Farmville. According to the Fact Sheet provided by Longwood, there were 4,831 students enrolled at Longwood University in 2010. What these numbers show that roughly 50% of the town of Farmville is made up of students.

This table shows the number of students enrolled at Longwood University between the years of 2005 and 2010. This breaks down the numbers into undergraduate, graduate, full time and part time.

Now these numbers are meant to show you that Farmville is dependent on students and their interactions with town members. Both of these populations are the main stakeholders because they are going to be the ones that are directly affected by the proposition. Students will be the ones receiving direct training on how to react and treat a variety of medical emergencies. While the program will be primarily focused on students helping fellow students, it is not necessarily restricted to that. By having a basic understanding of how to react to a medical emergency, students can provide aid to anyone that encounter. This could be at Walmart, Cookout, or at a public event like Rock The Block.

Prince Edward Volunteer Rescue Squad is the main provider of prehospital emergency care. Headquarters is located on Doswell Street, which is right off of Second Street and answers approximately 2500 calls to service a year.

These are not the only stakeholders. Some other groups include the faculty and staff that are employed through Longwood. These individuals may find themselves in need of emergency medical assistance, and their students will be able to provide that to them. Visitors to campus can feel safer knowing that the students around them can provide assistance if necessary. EMS providers, like those at Prince Edward Volunteer Rescue Squad or Hampton Sydney Fire and EMS can find peace in the fact that Longwood students can provide initial aid to a situation before they arrive. All these people are connected by the fact that students are receiving basic first aid training, which can save lives in the grand scheme of things.

Another large factor in even getting this idea off the ground are the instructors that will need to come in and train these students. These will need to be trained EMS personal who have the time and energy to commit to training these students in basic first aid and how to respond to certain situations. Without their help, this proposal will never be able to come full circle. They are the biggest and most important stakeholders, because without them, this idea isn’t feasible.

Stakeholders are the reason why projects can be completed. Without their input or agreement to try something new, there would never be new developments. They play an important role in getting things done right the first time around and will also be the reason why some proposals will be implemented in the Longwood community.




Critical Source Summary (MLA):

“Fact Book 2010-2011.” Longwood Fact Book. Longwood University Department of Assessment and Institutional Research , n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.

I chose this as my critical source summary because it provided the most information that is usable for my definition of the stakeholders for my proposal. The information that I was able to gather from this report allowed me to create an image of the exact number of students that were enrolled at Longwood over a period of time. It also gives me the breakdown of the demographics of those students, and gives statistics on student activities. I can use this information in the future as I define my problem and propose a solution. This will also be very beneficial to use with I look at institutional resistance to my idea of basic medical training for incoming freshman.


The History of Collegiate EMS

Colleges that provide emergency medical services to its students is a somewhat new phenomenon. There has always been some kind of medical personal that was in charge of taking care of their community. Multiple colleges in Virginia offer on campus rescue squads as a service to its students. Virginia Tech has one of the most well known on campus, student run rescue squads. The history of VTRS dates back to the late 1960’s. It was founded and is the second oldest collegiate rescue squad in the state of Virginia, and is the first to founded in the Commonwealth of Virginia (Wen, 2013). Currently, the station answers about 1200 calls a year and provides standby for many of the University’s sporting events.

This is the patch worn by all Virginia Tech Rescue Squad members.

Many other colleges and universities has modeled their own version of an on-campus rescue squad. Hampton-Sydney College, right here in Farmville, has a First Responders Team that provides early intervention for someone who has unfortunately become a victim of an accident. This early intervention is crucial in saving lives and providing the best treatment. It may take a county rescue squad 10 minutes to get onto the scene of an accident, but if that accident happens on Hampton-Sydney’s campus, those victims will have a higher survival rate because of the early interventions done by the first responders. By no means is it a complete replacement for a county rescue squad, but it does help bridge the gap in response time.

Longwood doesn’t have a very long history of teaching medical services to students. Longwood’s nursing program started in 2008 with it’s very first graduating class being the class of 2013. Before then, the only medical classes that were offered through Longwood and was recognized as credit classes are the Emergency Care and First Aid class, and the Basic Emergency Care and First Aid class. Both of these classes have been offered to students for the past 6 years, but the class size itself was small. As you can see in the table below, there was never more than 48 students enrolled in that class per semester. When you have a campus of 5,000 students, it simply isn’t a big enough class size. In the earlier years, it was even restricted by major. For example, if you add together the total class numbers from both classes for the Fall of 2013, there was only 55 students on a campus who could provide some basic emergency medical intervention. That’s 9% of the student body (if we use the average of 5,000 total students). The other 90.9% of the student body doesn’t have the training to react in the correct way in an emergency situation. That is a very dangerous situation, but it can be very easy rectified.

This table shows the break down of the number of individuals who have taken some kind of emergency medical training class. This list breaks down into year, semester, the number of sections and then compares both the classes side by side.

Longwood does offer a new program that is trying to get up off the ground. The Longwood University Campus Emergency Response Team is a group on campus with the main goal of providing medical assistance in the case of an emergency. The problem is that the group is very small and relatively new. They also lack funding from the University, which makes it hard for them to do much on campus. Without proper staffing and proper funding, the organization will die off. By making it mandatory for all incoming freshman attend a 2 hour seminar where they learn the basics of first aid, there will be much more of a possible interest in the medical field, while making the campus safer at the same time. More students can become interested in organizations like the CERT team or the rescue squad if they want to peruse more knowledge and more training in that field.

I am not advocating that Longwood needs to create an on-campus rescue squad. The campus is just too small right now, and the county rescue squad is only a few miles away. Instead, it is important to being teaching preventive measures to help fellow students in the case of an emergency. After more experienced and highly trained individuals like EMTs and Paramedics get on scene, they can take over providing treatment. By providing some very basic training to incoming freshman on how to handle various emergency situations. In four years, that means almost 100% of the student body will be able t provide assistance to a victim who may be in a life threatening situation. This makes Longwood a safer campus for everyone: students, professors, visitors, and everyone that student encounters outside of campus. It’s a win-win situation.

–Here is the link to Longwood’s Emergency Response Team if you have any interest in joining:


Work Cited (MLA):

Wen, Johnny. “Virginia Tech Rescue Squad- VTRS.” Virginia Tech Rescue Squad. Virginia

Tech, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2013. <>.


Critical Source Summary:

I chose this website as my critical source summary because it is very important to a lot of my information. Virginia Tech Rescue Squad is one of the oldest collegiate rescue squads in the country so a lot of other on campus rescue organizations have modeled their bylaws, procedures, applications, and overall operating system to look like VTRS. Without VTRS’s history, there would be very few collegiate rescue organizations today. This website offers history, statistics, events, membership information, and much more to answer questions that anyone could have.

Peanut butter is made of peanuts? (Blog #1)

“Man, I can’t have crunchy peanut butter; I’m allergic to peanuts! I can only have regular peanut butter.”

I actually had someone say this to me in D-Hall one day. As someone with a medical background, it’s needless to say I was astounded. The lack of basic medical knowledge within the Longwood Community is frightening. If someone is allergic to peanuts, then wouldn’t they already know to avoid peanuts? And if they did ingest peanuts and suffered an allergic reaction, what would people around them to? Would they know to call 911 or administer an epi-pen? I asked around to my friends and classmates that in the case of an emergency, what would they do? The most popular response was “freeze”. EMS and first responders are trained to react because they have received years of specialized training. The common factor of all EMS personal is basic training.

Basic emergency medicine is easy to understand and practice. What I am proposing is a seminar that is mandatory for freshman to attend during New Lancer Days that will teach them the basics of what to do in an emergency situation. Part of the seminar with include CPR certification, and training on how to control bleeding, how to administer the Heimlich maneuver on a chocking victim, and what the signs and symptoms are of alcohol and drug overdose.  By learning these simple responses to an emergency situation, lives can be saved.

Longwood prides itself in making Citizen Leaders out of its students. By teaching students basic first aid, they are now the first line of defense in protecting fellow classmates.  By knowing the basics of first aid, students will be ready if anything where to happen to another student, faculty member, or guest. I’m not saying they should be able to read an EKG or tell the difference between a normal sinus rhythm and a myocardial infarction nor do they need to know how to backboard a patient or apply an air splint. By knowing how to control bleeding, how to work an AED, how to perform CPR, and how to deal with someone if they have had a bit too much to drink, students will be leaders in their communities here at Longwood and at home.

On April 16th, 2007, a shooter entered the Engineering department of Virginia Tech and killed 32 students and faculty members. This will forever be a tragedy in the eyes of American people. It took only minutes for police to arrive on scene, but much longer for any kind of EMS personal to get to the victims because there was still an active shooter on campus. They key is being prepared for something like this to happen on any college campus. If incoming freshman at Longwood University were to receive basic medical training, lives could be saved in the event of another school shooting.

After this tragedy, many colleges and universities instituted on campus rescue squads. Large schools like Virginia Tech, University of Richmond, and University of Virginia have an organization on campus that provides emergency medicine to its students. According to the National Collegiate Emergency Medical Services Foundation, there are 21 schools in the Mid Atlantic Region (DC, DE, MD, VA, WV) that have on campus rescue squads (National 2013). Longwood is a small school with a rescue squad only 3 minutes from campus, but the idea is still the same. If a large amount of students on campus had some very basic medical training, the response time for initial medical intervention will be cut drastically.

New Lancer Days are designed to help new freshman become accustomed to life as a college student. While these days are already busy, it would be possible for an hour seminar on how to do CPR and how to recognize alcohol and drug overdose.  Simple training over the course of an hour can be affective in everyday life once the semester starts. Having this required seminar for all incoming freshman, Longwood will promote citizen leaders and create sense of trust and community among its students.



Critical Summary:

This link will take you to the NCEMSF page of the Mid Atlantic Region:

The National Collegiate Emergency Medical Services Foundation is a non-profit professional organization that is designed to connect collegiate EMS companies across the country. It is currently run by George J. Koenig, Jr. and has a variety of conferences that EMS members can attend to help refine skills and promote unity. The main point of this website is to provide a bridge between different EMS organizations that are separated by geographical barriers. I have looked at the statistics that this organization offers on how many collegiate EMS organizations are currently providing care to their students. These statists show that there are campuses that focus on their student’s safety after the Student Health Clinic closes. By providing solid numbers of campuses in the Mid-Atlantic Region that provide emergency health services to it students, other colleges and universities can create their own, similar, organization.

Work Cited (MLA):

“National Collegiate Emergency Medical Services Foundation.” NCEMSF. Buchan Consulting LLC, n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2013. < >.