“Over the past three decades, childhood obesity rates have tripled in the U.S., and today, the country has some of the highest obesity rates in the world: one out of six children is obese, and one out of three children is overweight or obese.” (Ogden, 2012) Since, 2008, the obesity rate has stayed pretty much the same, however some groups have still increased while others have a higher rate than others in the U.S.  I was surprised to find that boys have a higher chance of being obese rather than girls. Even further, non-white males have a higher chance of obesity than white males do. Since the 1970s, the child obesity rate has been climbing upwards and since the 70s, it has jumped from 5 percent to 17 percent.

There are a few different causes for this increase of cases of children that are obese. Poor nutrition is at the top of the list. According to the Alliance for a Healthier Generation, only twenty percent of high school seniors eat fruit and vegetables at least five times a day. Another reason is that the nutrition is not regulated. Most of the food that are offered in public school has little to no nutritional value but instead have a lot of fats, sugars, salt, and calories. Surprisingly, about 92% of elementary schools don’t have a physical education program that is enacted daily. This source reports that a third of high school students are taking daily P.E. classes. Along with that, one third of elementary schools don’t have a regular recess for the kids. (Centers, 2010)

Another reason for this increase is that many children are not able to get the health care that they need. More than 1.6 million children are not able to get the care that they need for cost reasons. Studies have shown that children with a low Socioeconomic Status are more likely to be obese. Many of these children don’t have access to healthy food and places to engage in sports.

 Works Cited:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NCHS Health EStat: Prevalence of Obesity Among Children and Adolescents: United States, Trends 1963-1965 Through 2007-2008. 2010. Accessed March 2, 2012. – See more at: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-trends/global-obesity-trends-in-children/#sthash.V0G4V1fX.dpuf

“Harvard School of Public Health » The Nutrition Source » An Epidemic of Obesity: U.S. Obesity Trends.” The Nutrition Source. N.p., n.d.

Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. JAMA. 2012;307:483-90 –

 

Critical Summary

This article, put out by the Harvard School of Public Health, provided a lot of facts and statistics on both child and adult obesity. I was shocked to find that one out of every three adults is obese and 69 percent of adults are overweight. This article pulled a variety of sources to support their research. A lot of the sources were studies done in the trends of obesity in America. The article also talks about which groups have a tendency for higher obesity rates. The obesity rate for children is smaller, about one in every six children is obese. The article talks about the health risks of being obese and the trouble it can cause later on in life. There has been a dramatic increase in type 2 diabetes in the past few years in children, and obesity is a major factor in that increase. Overall the article provided solid factual information that I believe is credible based on the sources that the article pulled its facts from.

 

“Harvard School of Public Health » The Nutrition Source » An Epidemic of Obesity: U.S. Obesity Trends.” The Nutrition Source. N.p., n.d.