The lives of many Americans were drastically changed during and after the desegregation of public schools. One prominent case that played a role in the integration of schools is known as Davis vs. Prince Edward County (Hale-Smith). This case originated in the small town of Farmville, Virginia at the local Robert Russa Moton High School and later became a part of Brown vs. Board of Education (Turner). Three of these sources reflect on the five year gap in education that occurred in Farmville as a consequence of integrating schools (Hale-Smith, Heaton, & Turner). They all focus on citizens known as the “lost generation” and how they have been effected due to the educational hardships faced. This group of people was just one of many in the nation that were greatly impacted by this time period’s historical changes. A case very similar to Davis vs. Prince Edward County is known as Jackson vs. Rawdon (Ladino). This case took place in Tarrant County Texas, focusing on Mansfield public high school. The three students behind this case were also looking for equal education and were able to pursue this with the help of the NAACP. What the black communities had to face after their cases were won and public schools integrated proves to be very similar in many situations. They were subjected to schools completely shutting down, hate crimes and were still not accepted by white communities no matter what the laws stated. All four of these sources discuss hardships faced before integration, during integration, and the effects on communities afterwards. The court’s decision to desegregate schools was just the beginning of the struggle for many people in the United States (Ladino).
Hale-Smith, Margaret E. “The Effect of Early Educational Disruption on the Belief Systems and Educational Practices of Adults: Another Look at the Prince Edward County School Closings.” Journal Negro of Education.Vol.62.No. 2 (1993): 171-189. Web. 25 March 2014.
Heaton, P. “Childhood Educational Disruption and Later Life Outcomes: Evidence from Prince Edward County.” Journal Of Human Capital, Vol 2. No.2 (2008): 154-187. Web. 25 March 2014.
Ladino, R. The Mansfield School Integration Case: Jackson vs. Rawdon. Desegregrating Texas Schools. Austin: University of Texas Press. (1996): 71-92 Print. 1 April 2014.
Turner, Kara Miles. “Both Victors and Victims: Prince Edward County, Virginia, The NAACP, and Brown. Virginia Law Review.” Vol 90. No.6 (2004): 1667-1691. Web. 25 March 2014.