Category Archives: engl400

Don’t Push Me ‘Cause I’m Close to the Edge

Resistance against new programs is very common, because it is just natural for people not to like new things. It happens and there is no real way to change that. But it is possible to make the change easier and when it is easier, people are going to go along with the change without too much hesitation. New Lancer Days has to change slightly every year to accommodate the growing number of students that attend New Lancer Days every year.

Resistance is expected with every new program that is put into affect, and I expect resistance for the Basic Medical Awareness seminar. I believe the most resistance is going to come from the students who do not want to attend yet another seminar during their first weekend at college. This is why it is important to do this seminar during New Lancer Days because there is going to be a massive number of students who won’t attend a weekend or after-class seminar. While this seminar will be more exciting than sitting through the reading of the Student Handbook, it will not be a rage party by any means. New freshman want to explore everything that Farmville has to offer, and that is going to cause their attention span to be virtually non-existent. The important thing is to keep the seminar short, sweet, and to the point so student’s minds don’t wander.

Other than student resistance, I do not expect other kinds of resistance to occur. There might be some institutional resistance in the beginning because it will require the schedule to change for New Lancer Days, but the purpose of the seminar is to educate students and begin the process of creating citizen leaders. With the end goal being so positive for both students and the University as a whole, there shouldn’t be too much resistance from Longwood.

Longwood University prides itself in making students Citizen Leaders

Over all, this proposal is meant to better the lives of those students who chose to come to Longwood. This is not supposed to make every Longwood students an EMT or a paramedic. This seminar is supposed to teach students how to react in an emergency situation. Swift and calm reactions to a variety of medical emergencies is going to make the difference in the health of a patient. The important of proper reaction to an emergency can prove lifesaving for some emergencies. By knowing how to react, and the proper way to treat medical emergencies, Longwood University is going to become a safer place for everyone who comes to campus.

Like the Song Says… How to Save a Life

As it had been made clear, there is a severe lack is basic medical knowledge within Longwood University students. This is a problem because accidents and emergencies happen all the time, especially on college campuses. Longwood is no exception: major events like Oktoberfest and Spring Weekend are breeding grounds for a variety of medical emergencies to happen. The solution is simple; Longwood students need to be prepared for the medical emergencies that are most likely to occur on campus. This training would be best taught at the beginning of every year during New Lancer Days. All freshmen will be required to attend the seminar where basic bleeding control, CPR compressions, and treatment of alcohol poisoning will be taught.

The first step is to figure out when during New Lancer Days will this seminar be taught. Training would take approximately two hours to complete and will be interactive. The best time to include this training would be during the seminar “Lancer Safety” given by Chief Bob Beach. Information can be combined and integrated so that students can learn how to be safe on campus and how to help other students. It would add another hour to the seminar, but it would be beneficial for students. By adding it to another seminar that has already been worked into the schedule, there won’t be any major changes that will need to occur.

The second step is to specifically define what would be included in the training seminar. Bleeding control would include how to identify the different types of wounds and how to apply direct pressure to the wound itself. Instead of making students sit through an entire CPR certification meeting, students would instead be taught how to properly administer chest compressions to a patient who is suffering from a heart problem. Compressions have become much more important in the CRP chain because circulating the blood within a body is more life sustaining than breathing for the patient. As for alcohol poising, students will be taught how to deal with others who are vomiting because of the amount of alcohol they have ingested. Simply strap a book bag filled with clothes or jackets to the person’s back and make it tight enough so they cannot get out of it. Put the individual on their side in the shower or bathroom floor and leave them be. By placing the victim on their side, they will not breathe in their own vomit and suffocate on it. The book bag makes it impossible for that person to roll over. These simple techniques can help people, and make treatment easier for EMS professionals when they arrive on scene. It will be important to stress that 911 still needs to be called, but by training bystanders to act when an emergency first happens, the situation will become under control much faster.

This poster gives directions on how to help someone who is the victim of alcohol poisoning

The third step will be measuring the success of the program. This will be the most difficult part of the program because success would mean that students respond in the case of an emergency. This information can be gathered through interviews or surveys. While the 911 call rate should not change drastically, there may be less calls to accidental overdosing or vomiting due to alcohol poisoning. What would be important to remember is that this seminar is not meant to be and EMT class. This training is meant to simply begin the proper treatment that needs to be administered to a victim on an emergency. This training seminar will not only make Longwood a safer place, it will also overflow into every town, city, and county that Longwood students call home.

Longwood Students Save the World

The issue of a lack of basic medical knowledge in college students is prevalent in every state but I really want to focus on Longwood University. One of the great things about our campus is the fact that it is small and everyone knows everyone. You can be walking down Brock Commons and see someone that was in your LSEM class three years ago and still know their name. The sense of community among Longwood students is already there, and adding a way for people to help one another when they need it most will only encourage a closer feeling to other students. Medical emergencies can happen any time of any day, which is why it is important for students to have some basic knowledge of how to help someone.

The most common types of injuries on Longwood’s campus are cuts and lacerations, overdoses on alcohol and drugs, and falls. These specific problems have very simple solutions to them that anyone can do. In 2013, Longwood welcomed 1,064 freshman students to campus. Longwood also plans on expanding campus and doubling the amount of students by 2020. This mass increase in students is going to drive accident and injury rates way up, but those numbers can be reduced if those incoming freshman learn during New Lancer Days how to react in an emergency situation. Not only can they help students on campus, this training will follow them wherever they go in life. Simple training will save lives, no matter where people are. The American Heart Association did a study where they found that heart attack patients have a great chance of survival if bystanders initiated CPR early, before health professionals can get on scene.

I want to offer this program first to incoming freshman because they are the easiest to get to. They are required to go to parts of New Lancer Days for a grade and Peer Mentors are going to be with those students for a majority of the time during New Lancer Days. If this program proves to be successful, I want to expand this to include transfer students who come to Longwood as sophomores or juniors. Success of this program can be measure by the number of calls to Prince Edward Volunteer Rescue Squad to Longwood’s campus. If students know how to help someone who is vomiting from drinking too much alcohol, they won’t need to call the Rescue Squad every time someone drinks too much. Now, there are going to be times where the Rescue Squad is still going to need to take someone to the hospital, but the training that students will receive would aid first responders so the patient can be treated and transported quicker and in more comfort.

By providing this basic first responder training to incoming freshman at Longwood University, I believe that only great things will follow. Students are going to feel safer on campus knowing that anyone around them can help in the case of an emergency. There will be a commonplace of knowledge for all students, and it may help students figure out what they want to do for a career. If it wasn’t for the EMT class I took last year, I would never have realized I wanted to be a nurse. There may be numerous other students who are in the same boat I was in. By requiring this training, Longwood is going to create leaders and pillars of the community because this training will follow students where ever they go in life.

Once a Lancer, Always a Lancer

Basic emergency medicine is easy to understand and practice. I am proposing that Longwood needs to create a mandatory seminar for freshman to attend during New Lancer Days that will teach them the basics of what to do in an emergency situation. Part of the seminar with include CPR certification, training on how to control bleeding, administer the Heimlich maneuver on a chocking victim, and what the signs and symptoms are of alcohol and drug overdose.  By learning these simple responses to an emergency situation, lives can be saved. Students become the first line of defense in protecting fellow students, faculty, and guests. Knowing the basics of how to control bleeding, how to stay calm in an emergency, and how to help in an overdose situation, campus will become a safer place for all visitors.

Students are the most important people on this campus. Without students, there would be no professors and there would be no Longwood University. The major stakeholders in this situation are students at Longwood University. They would be the ones receiving the training and would be the ones to act in the event of a medical emergency. I’m not saying that all students should become EMTs. But if they knew how to control bleeding, what do to in the event of drug or alcohol overdose, and how to do CPR, the students at Longwood are going to be able to help one another and those in the community. Longwood prides itself in creating citizen leaders and this is a new aspect in becoming a citizen leader.

There is a limited history of collegiate EMS because a majority of schools do not require students to know basic medical information. Most large Universities like Virginia Tech and James Madison offer on-campus rescue squads, but that is hard for smaller schools like Longwood because there is typically a county rescue squad close by. I do believe that life on campus can be improved if students have a basic medical understanding and how to act in certain emergency situations.

Emergencies happen on college campuses all the time and Longwood is no exception. The most common emergencies that happen at Longwood are those influenced by drugs and alcohol, followed by falls and bleeding. If students can learn to attend to the needs of others before professional EMS providers can get on scene, students will feel closer to other students at Longwood and campus will be a safer place to be. This proposal is not meant to sway people to become paramedics or emergency room doctors. People go to school for years to learn how to treat every manner of illness. This proposal instead focuses on basic medical understanding that students would be most likely to use on a college campus. The training would include CPR, bleeding control, and alcohol/drug overdose treatment. This training would not take the place of a Rescue Squad but would instead focus on providing assistance to a patient before EMS gets on scene. Measures can be taken to help preserve the quality of life of patients and provide comfort to those patients as well.

By teaching students how to respond in the event of a medical emergency, there will be a greater sense of community on Longwood’s campus while also making it a safer place. This training can extend from Longwood into student’s hometowns where they can help in the event of an emergency there.

Taking our Knowledge Home

It is crucial for people to understand basic medical knowledge. I am an EMT and I was working this past week with the rest of my crew when we received a call to Longwood University for a student who was having a seizure. When we got on scene, the patient had disappeared. One of the other students has told this young lady that she should just drive herself to the hospital instead of waiting for the rescue squad. Seizures are very dangerous and can re-appear even after the first one subsides. Driving to the hospital is a very bad idea when someone has had a seizure and is alone. This incident just proves that there is a lack in basic medical understanding that could end up causing someone great harm.

This is the logo for the American Heart Association, and their motto is “Learn and Live”. They are the organization who did the research on survival rate in comparison to bystander-iniaitiated CPR.

This incident has made me want to work harder at getting something implemented where Longwood students receive basic medical training. The problem is that there is nothing currently in place that teaches students how to respond to certain medical emergencies. By implementing a two-hour seminar during New Lancer Days, students will learn how to react in emergencies, and how to provide assistance in the event of a medical emergency.  Some people may see this as an unnecessary aspect of New Lancer Days for students, but there is research that shows there is a significant increase in survival rate in the event of a heart attack if CPR is started early. The American Heart Association did a study that investigated the survival rate of people who had heart attacks who had CPR started earlier by bystanders. The research showed that there was a significantly higher survival rate of people who had heart attacks if CPR was started by bystanders right after the incident, instead of waiting for EMS personal to arrive on scene.

Another reason why people can feel like this is not an important thing to be teaching to students is the fact that there is a local rescue squad that is only a few minutes away from campus. The problem with this is that the rescue squad near Longwood deals with all of Prince Edward County. They are not just there for Longwood University. There are only two crews at the squad house at a time and they may be out dealing with another call. If that happens, a ambulance will come from a neighboring county but it will take a long time. By teaching students how to deal with medical emergencies, they will be able provide assistance until the rescue squad can arrive and take over treating the patient.

This map shows all the counties in the state of Virginia. Students from all over Virginia attend Longwood University and they will take their knowledge back to where-ever they call home.

The logic to this is simple- by teaching students how to help others in a medical emergency, they can end up saving someone life. And it doesn’t have to just be in Prince Edward County. This idea extends to where all Longwood students call home. They become citizen leaders in there own county and can make a difference anywhere they go.


Critical Source:

Copley, D. P. , J. A. Mantle, W. J. Rogers, R. O. Russell Jr. , and C. E. Rackley. “Improved

Outcome For Prehospital Cardiopulmonary Collapse With Resuscitation By Bystanders.” Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians 7.5 (1978): 223-223. Print.

I chose this article as my critical source because it is an example of how important it is for everyone to know CPR. The American Heart Association did a study on the effects of bystander-initiated CPR and if there was an improvement in survival rates. What they discovered is that there is a very significant increase in survival rate if CPR was started sooner, rather than later.

The Stakeholders in Rural Recycling (Blog 3)

To recap my topic, I am focusing on making recycling more efficient in small, rural communities who do not have quite as large of a budget to work with as many other places. Mecklenburg County’s recycling program has not changed or improved much over the past years since its implementation. The only means of recycling offered to the citizens are eight drop-off locations scattered around the county, most of which only accept newspaper, cardboard, and aluminum.

There are several key stakeholders in this situation. The first and most obvious are the citizens of Mecklenburg County. Currently, it is extremely inconvenient for people to recycle, and even when they can, much of their trash still goes to the dump regardless because of the small amount of acceptable material. These residents have a vested interested due to the fact that they would be able to help their community and environment without having to go out of their way to do so. This brings me to another key stakeholder in the issue: the environment. Now it’s obvious that plants and animals are not able to voice their opinions on the subject; however, if they could, I feel that it is safe to assume that they would be for a more efficient recycling program. They wildlife would be able to reproduce and grow in a cleaner environment. The final major stakeholder would be the local government within Mecklenburg County. Whereas the citizens and environment would be for the recycling program, the local government would be more opposed. Most of the opposition would come from a monetary aspect. The main argument against implementing a more efficient system would be that the financial investment would outweigh the actually benefits of recycling.

Aside from these three main stakeholders, there are several secondary stakeholders as well; for example, the local governments of other small, rural communities. If a more efficient recycling program was placed in effect in Mecklenburg County and was successful, areas with similar populations and budgets would have a model to go by. Along with the local governments, the citizens of those communities would also have a vested interested. They would be able to influence their officials to follow the example set by Mecklenburg County and be able to partake in the practice of conserving the environment by means of recycling. Other stakeholders would be agencies, groups, and non-profit organizations that focus on recycling and benefitting the environment in general. These groups would be for the implementation of this program because it could eventually lead to other communities doing the same. In fact, with the proper information and proposal, these groups may be interested in donating money to assist with startup costs. If that were to happen, it would be a crucial victory in gaining the local government’s support on the issue.

As for my critical source, I stumbled upon a document created by several groups of students at universities in Mexico. The opening statement in the abstract describes my roadblock with finding examples perfectly: “Globally there is a lack of knowledge about waste generation and composition in rural areas because these types of studies have been conducted mainly in big cities” (Sara). This document was a report of a study conducted by these individuals in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.  The students begin by describing the area of their study, which seems to be roughly about the size of my focus area from what I can gather. They then go on to describe the method being used in the area, which is verbatim to the process utilized in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. The part that was the most useful to me throughout the material presented was their breakdown of waste composition. They concluded that organic materials (food residuals, wood, paper and cardboard, leather, etc.) accounted for 56% of the waste, non-organic materials (aluminum, glass, batteries, ferrous materials, etc.) accounted for 33% of the waste, and the remaining 11% was credited to a miscellaneous category.  They then noted that roughly 1/3 of the weight were materials that could easily be recycled (paper and cardboard, plastic, aluminum, and wood). This proves that a considerable amount of waste taken to landfills could be easily recycled with the correct process.


Works Cited

Sara Ojeda-Benitez, et al. “Household solid waste characteristics and management in rural communities.” Open Waste Management Journal (2010): 167-173. Environment Complete. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

Students, and teachers, and visitors… Oh my!

Stakeholders. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, stakeholders are any person with an interest or concern in something. Because of it’s broad interpretation and definition, there can be a variety of different stakeholders for one specific issue. By proposing a campus wide instillation of basic medical training for incoming freshman, there are a lot of stakeholders that are apart of this decision. According to the US Census taken in 2010, there were 8,216 people living in the town of Farmville. According to the Fact Sheet provided by Longwood, there were 4,831 students enrolled at Longwood University in 2010. What these numbers show that roughly 50% of the town of Farmville is made up of students.

This table shows the number of students enrolled at Longwood University between the years of 2005 and 2010. This breaks down the numbers into undergraduate, graduate, full time and part time.

Now these numbers are meant to show you that Farmville is dependent on students and their interactions with town members. Both of these populations are the main stakeholders because they are going to be the ones that are directly affected by the proposition. Students will be the ones receiving direct training on how to react and treat a variety of medical emergencies. While the program will be primarily focused on students helping fellow students, it is not necessarily restricted to that. By having a basic understanding of how to react to a medical emergency, students can provide aid to anyone that encounter. This could be at Walmart, Cookout, or at a public event like Rock The Block.

Prince Edward Volunteer Rescue Squad is the main provider of prehospital emergency care. Headquarters is located on Doswell Street, which is right off of Second Street and answers approximately 2500 calls to service a year.

These are not the only stakeholders. Some other groups include the faculty and staff that are employed through Longwood. These individuals may find themselves in need of emergency medical assistance, and their students will be able to provide that to them. Visitors to campus can feel safer knowing that the students around them can provide assistance if necessary. EMS providers, like those at Prince Edward Volunteer Rescue Squad or Hampton Sydney Fire and EMS can find peace in the fact that Longwood students can provide initial aid to a situation before they arrive. All these people are connected by the fact that students are receiving basic first aid training, which can save lives in the grand scheme of things.

Another large factor in even getting this idea off the ground are the instructors that will need to come in and train these students. These will need to be trained EMS personal who have the time and energy to commit to training these students in basic first aid and how to respond to certain situations. Without their help, this proposal will never be able to come full circle. They are the biggest and most important stakeholders, because without them, this idea isn’t feasible.

Stakeholders are the reason why projects can be completed. Without their input or agreement to try something new, there would never be new developments. They play an important role in getting things done right the first time around and will also be the reason why some proposals will be implemented in the Longwood community.




Critical Source Summary (MLA):

“Fact Book 2010-2011.” Longwood Fact Book. Longwood University Department of Assessment and Institutional Research , n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.

I chose this as my critical source summary because it provided the most information that is usable for my definition of the stakeholders for my proposal. The information that I was able to gather from this report allowed me to create an image of the exact number of students that were enrolled at Longwood over a period of time. It also gives me the breakdown of the demographics of those students, and gives statistics on student activities. I can use this information in the future as I define my problem and propose a solution. This will also be very beneficial to use with I look at institutional resistance to my idea of basic medical training for incoming freshman.


The History of Recycling in America (Blog 2)

For centuries, individuals have made strives to preserve the environment by means of reusing, re-purposing, and recycling materials. To review the topic, the basic definition of recycling is to use something again. This definition can take on several meanings: reusing an item instead of disposing of it, using items for a purpose with which they were not intended to prevent the need of disposal, or disposing of it so that it may be broken down into a more raw state to be used again.

Throughout the history of the United States of America (back when the states were merely colonies still controlled by England), colonists were positioned across the Atlantic Ocean from the mineral mines and factories of Europe. To compensate for this unfortunateness, the colonists were forced to repurpose their materials for other uses, and to repair tools and other goods. This was the first serious act of recycling displayed in the New World.

One of the first drops in the interest of recycling began during the Industrial Revolution in America. During this time, advances in transportation and infrastructure made the access to minerals across the country much more available. Because of this, reusing and repurposing of materials dropped. Fortunately for the environment, World War II completely changed things. Imports that were heavily relied on (tin and aluminum for example), were now extremely hard to get a hold of. These imports were of utmost importance for military purposes. This sudden need for materials reignited the flame that once was the importance placed on recycling in the United States of America. Following World War II, recycling in America took another hit. Due to the introduction of new technologies and manufacturing methods, the importance and need for recycling was once again lost.

However, in the mid-1960’s, recycling began to make a comeback due to the importance placed on environmental awareness. During this rebirth, a good deal of time and money was placed into figuring out the most effective way to recycle wastes. Unfortunately, many of these processes had harmful side effects that outweighed the benefit. For example, the pollution caused by material recovery plants shadowed the positive aspect of recycling – not to mention that the cost of building and operating such facilities were outrageous. One breakthrough in the recycling efforts arrived during the mid-1980’s. With the introduction of curbside collection programs, recycling was made significantly more convenient for individuals. Recently, several cities across the country have stepped up and accepted the role of being an example to the rest of the country in how efficient recycling is feasible.

I had planned on including information on the history of recycling within Mecklenburg County, Virginia (where I will be focusing on). However, the counties website does not offer any relevant information and I was not able to successfully set up a phone conversation with the head of sustainability for the county. I do plan on having this conversation at some point next week. At that point, I will be creating an additional blog to include historical information that relates directly to the area that I will be proposing my ideas to.

Works Cited

“History Of American Recycling.” Waste Management. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.


*MLA formatting used

“What Do We Do With All This Junk?!?”: The History of Recycling and Waste Collection

Recycling is an activity that many people have done for generations.  Whether the objects are big or small, glass or plastic, paper or cardboard; if they can be used for one thing, chances are they can be used for something else when their original purpose is served.  But how did this phenomenon come to be?  Where did it all start?  Why do we do it in the first place?  To explain the history of recycling, we also need to explain the history of waste management in general.  That’s as good of a place as any to start.

In ancient times, waste mainly consisted of ash, excess wood, bones, and leftover food scraps.  All of it was disposed of in the ground as compost to help improve the soil.  Populations back then were also much smaller than they are now, and since there was less garbage then, the management of waste wasn’t a huge issue.  Archeological excavations of these early living quarters revealed that bits and pieces of waste often fell to the floor and were trampled into the dirt or brushed to the side.  When the floors became too cluttered, they would be covered by a layer of clean, fresh clay.  As a result, the elevation of these ancient cities rose overtime (“History of Solid Waste Management”).

As cities began to develop, and populations began to grow, waste was burned, buried, or simply left to pile up.  After a while, however, the piles of filth created stench, harbored pests, and led to contaminated water supplies.  Plagues, like the Black Death, were a result of this poor disposal of waste.  The earliest form of recycling that occurred during this period existed in the form of salvaging: these items included leather, feathers and down, and textiles.  Vegetable scraps were fed to livestock, and the waste they produced was used as fertilizer.  Timber was salvaged and reused in construction and ship-building.  Metals, including gold, were melted down and re-cast into new items many times (“History of Solid Waste Management”).

During the Industrial Revolution, growing populations and increased production led to greater amounts of waste.  To avoid the potential problems associated with unmanaged waste in urban areas, government officials instituted organized waste collection and disposal systems in many of these cities (“History of Solid Waste Management”).  In 1881, the New York City Department of Street Cleaning, now called the Department of Sanitation, was created to minimize disorganized garbage collection and remove litter from the streets (“History of NYC Recycling”).  The advent of systemic waste management didn’t put an end to scavengers or the recycling function that they performed, but it did eventually shift the locus of scavenging from the streets to the dumps.  Many of these people literally lived off of the phase, “one man’s trash is another man’s treasure,” selling off whatever they could find in the rubbish (“History of Solid Waste Management”).

During the 20th century, in many parts of the developed world, more organized waste collection and landfilling programs were established.  By 1910, nearly 80 percent of American cities had some sort of organized solid waste collection.  The passage of the Clean Air Act in 1970 led to the closure of many earlier-constructed incinerators, because they could not adequately control the air pollution they produced.  However, subsequently built, modern waste-to-energy plants included pollution controls that removed particles and reduced gas emissions to minute levels while producing enough electricity to power over one million homes (“History of Solid Waste Management”).

In recent decades, recycling became a fully-developed technology.  As of 2007, more than 34 percent of American municipal waste is recycled or composted, conserving vital resources and energy, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and protecting air and water quality.  While one can still find traditional scavengers looking for resources in some dumps throughout the developing world, operators of modern landfills do not allow traditional scavenging, since active cells in operational landfills can be dangerous places to be in (“History of Solid Waste Management”).

The earliest versions of waste collection involved men collecting trash with horse- or mule-drawn carts.  With the advent of the automobile, garbage trucks started to develop.  The following video clip provides a more detailed history of the development of garbage truck technology:

Click here to view the embedded video.

Works Cited

“Extreme Trucks.”  Modern Marvels.  History Channel.  12 Nov. 2003.  Television. <>

“History of NYC Recycling.”  NYC Recycles.  The City of New York, 2013.  Web.  18 Sept. 2013. <>

“History of Solid Waste Management.”  Environmentalists. Every Day.  Environmental Industry Associations, 2013.  Web.  18 Sept. 2013. <>

The History of Collegiate EMS

Colleges that provide emergency medical services to its students is a somewhat new phenomenon. There has always been some kind of medical personal that was in charge of taking care of their community. Multiple colleges in Virginia offer on campus rescue squads as a service to its students. Virginia Tech has one of the most well known on campus, student run rescue squads. The history of VTRS dates back to the late 1960’s. It was founded and is the second oldest collegiate rescue squad in the state of Virginia, and is the first to founded in the Commonwealth of Virginia (Wen, 2013). Currently, the station answers about 1200 calls a year and provides standby for many of the University’s sporting events.

This is the patch worn by all Virginia Tech Rescue Squad members.

Many other colleges and universities has modeled their own version of an on-campus rescue squad. Hampton-Sydney College, right here in Farmville, has a First Responders Team that provides early intervention for someone who has unfortunately become a victim of an accident. This early intervention is crucial in saving lives and providing the best treatment. It may take a county rescue squad 10 minutes to get onto the scene of an accident, but if that accident happens on Hampton-Sydney’s campus, those victims will have a higher survival rate because of the early interventions done by the first responders. By no means is it a complete replacement for a county rescue squad, but it does help bridge the gap in response time.

Longwood doesn’t have a very long history of teaching medical services to students. Longwood’s nursing program started in 2008 with it’s very first graduating class being the class of 2013. Before then, the only medical classes that were offered through Longwood and was recognized as credit classes are the Emergency Care and First Aid class, and the Basic Emergency Care and First Aid class. Both of these classes have been offered to students for the past 6 years, but the class size itself was small. As you can see in the table below, there was never more than 48 students enrolled in that class per semester. When you have a campus of 5,000 students, it simply isn’t a big enough class size. In the earlier years, it was even restricted by major. For example, if you add together the total class numbers from both classes for the Fall of 2013, there was only 55 students on a campus who could provide some basic emergency medical intervention. That’s 9% of the student body (if we use the average of 5,000 total students). The other 90.9% of the student body doesn’t have the training to react in the correct way in an emergency situation. That is a very dangerous situation, but it can be very easy rectified.

This table shows the break down of the number of individuals who have taken some kind of emergency medical training class. This list breaks down into year, semester, the number of sections and then compares both the classes side by side.

Longwood does offer a new program that is trying to get up off the ground. The Longwood University Campus Emergency Response Team is a group on campus with the main goal of providing medical assistance in the case of an emergency. The problem is that the group is very small and relatively new. They also lack funding from the University, which makes it hard for them to do much on campus. Without proper staffing and proper funding, the organization will die off. By making it mandatory for all incoming freshman attend a 2 hour seminar where they learn the basics of first aid, there will be much more of a possible interest in the medical field, while making the campus safer at the same time. More students can become interested in organizations like the CERT team or the rescue squad if they want to peruse more knowledge and more training in that field.

I am not advocating that Longwood needs to create an on-campus rescue squad. The campus is just too small right now, and the county rescue squad is only a few miles away. Instead, it is important to being teaching preventive measures to help fellow students in the case of an emergency. After more experienced and highly trained individuals like EMTs and Paramedics get on scene, they can take over providing treatment. By providing some very basic training to incoming freshman on how to handle various emergency situations. In four years, that means almost 100% of the student body will be able t provide assistance to a victim who may be in a life threatening situation. This makes Longwood a safer campus for everyone: students, professors, visitors, and everyone that student encounters outside of campus. It’s a win-win situation.

–Here is the link to Longwood’s Emergency Response Team if you have any interest in joining:


Work Cited (MLA):

Wen, Johnny. “Virginia Tech Rescue Squad- VTRS.” Virginia Tech Rescue Squad. Virginia

Tech, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2013. <>.


Critical Source Summary:

I chose this website as my critical source summary because it is very important to a lot of my information. Virginia Tech Rescue Squad is one of the oldest collegiate rescue squads in the country so a lot of other on campus rescue organizations have modeled their bylaws, procedures, applications, and overall operating system to look like VTRS. Without VTRS’s history, there would be very few collegiate rescue organizations today. This website offers history, statistics, events, membership information, and much more to answer questions that anyone could have.