Incorporating and documenting source material appropriately


photo: FourthFloor


A good majority of papers have other works cited within them. Everything that is put into your paper, that was taken from another source must be documented. This documentation is know as a reference page, that is at the end of the paper. You will see in the excerpt below that I did not do my reference page correctly. This excerpt is from a paper I wrote for my Into to Athletic Training class, the first semester of my freshman year. The papers purpose was to research an injury of our choosing and present it to the upperclassmen and preceptors of the Athletic Training program.



 Lee, M., Cha, J., Lee, Y., Chol, G., Paik, S., Lee, H., Park, S., & Kim, H. (2012). The bright rim sign on mri for anterior talofibuar ligament injury with arthroscopic correlation . American Journal of Roentegenology , 198(4), 885-890. Retrieved from

Haraguchi, N., Toga, H., Shiba, N., & Kato, F. (2007). Avulsion fracture – of the lateral ankle ligament comp ex in sever inversion injury – incidence and clinical outcome . American Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(7), 1144-1152. Retrieved from

Gun, C., Unluer, E., Vandenberk, N., Karagoz, A., Senturk, G., & Oyar, O. (2013). Bedisde ultrasonography by emergency physicians for anterior talofibular ligament injury . Journal of Emergencies, Trauma & Shock , 6(3), 195-198. Retrieved from

Hua, Y., Yang, Y., Chen, S., & Cai, Y. (2012). Ultrasound examination for the diagnosis of chronic anterior talofibular ligament injury . Acta Radiologica , 1(53), 1142-1147. Retrieved from

Boykin , R., Ogunseinde, B., McFeely, E., Nasreddine, A., & Kocher, M. (2010). Preliminary results of calcaneofibluar ligament transfer for recurrent peroneal subluxation in children and adolescnets . Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics , 30(8), 899-903. Retrieved from


Moretti, M. (2012). The effectiveness of hyaluronic acid and o2-o3 injections in lateral ankle sprains without tear of anterior talofibular ligament. International Journal of Ozone Therapy , 10(2), 98-100. Retrieved from

Nakasa, T., Fukuhara , K., Adachi, N., & Ochi, M. (2006). Evaluation of anterior talofibular ligament lesion using 3-demensional computed tomography . Journal of Computer Assissted Tomography, 30(3), 543-547. Retrieved from

Margetic , P., Salaj, M., & Lubina, I. (2009). The value of ultrasound in acute ankle injury: Comparison with mr . European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery , 35(2), 141-146. Retrieved from

Kitsoulis, P., Marini, A., Pseftinakou, A., Illiou, K., Galani, V., & Paraskevas, G. (2011). Morpholigical study of the calcaneofibular ligament in cadavers . Folia Morphologica , 70(3), 180- 184. Retrieved from

Dimmick, S., Kennedy, D., & Daunt, N. (2008). Evaluation of the thickness and appearance of anterior talofibular and calaneofibular ligaments in normal versus abnormal ankles with mri.(report) . Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation , 52(6), 559-563. Retrieved from


McMahon, P. (2007). Current diagnosis & treatment in sports medicine . (pp. 109-111). United Staes of America : The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Voight , M., Hoogenboom, B., & Prentice , W. (2007). Musculoskeletal interventions techniques for therapeutic exercise . (pp. 683-688). United States of America : McGraw-Hill Companies

Baxter, D. (1995). The foot and ankle in sport . (1st ed., pp. 147-155). St. Louis, MO 63146: Mosby.

Seidel , H., Ball, J., Dains, J., Flynn, J., Soloman, B., & Stewart, R. (2011). Mosb’ys guide to physical examination . (7th ed., pp. 674-677). St. Louis, Missouri 63043: Mosby Elsevier.

Karageanes , S. (2005). Principles of manual sports medicine . (pp. 416- 426). Philadelphia, PA 19106: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


This is the first paper that I had to write in APA format, which was something I had never done before. Since I wrote this paper I have learned that this page of the paper should be called a reference page, not a bibliography. I also learned that the authors name should go alphabetically, so it is easier for the readers to find what piece of work you are referring too. The last thing that I learned is that the first line of the citation needs to be indented, so the reader can easily tell the citations apart.

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