Even though fake news sites have been around for many years now, the American presidential election of 2016 was a topic that many fake news scammers took advantage of. People made their fake news viral by spreading juicy news about the two candidates. Fake news sites go viral because they are filled with controversial, new, interesting and eye-catching headlines and information that people read and then tend to believe.
There are some tricks that these people do to deceive the audience. For example, www.chron.com is the Houston Chronicle’s website URL, a very credible source. If someone wants to do a hoax and make them seem to be the Houston Chronicle, they would simply add a .co after the URL to make their own website that looks almost exactly as the original website: www.chron.com.co.
These sort of tricks make their fake websites seems credible, deceiving many people into thinking what they post is of a good source and therefore, true.
In chapter 4, “Showing and Hiding: The Logic of Deception”, Nyberg talks about philosopher Kant’s belief that “truth telling is always categorically good and deception is always bad” (p. 65). However, Nyberg also talks about the idea the “deception is not something that bad people do” (p. 64). So, what is considered to be morally good?
Also, if deceiving is seen to be bad but doesn’t necessarily make you a bad person, what would we call Patricia Neal, the woman who deceived and tricked her husband with the dress that he’d bought her to make him happier? How can a story with a bad thing (deceiving) for a good cause (to make the dress prettier) be put in a good or bad category?
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How is deception not lying? One might confuse these two in many ways. The practice of deceiving without lying or telling false statements is real. Who are the professional deceivers? Politicians.
Deceiving for politicians is essential. Politicians “find it hard to resist them” because by doing so they have the opportunity to tell people what they want to hear.
There are common ways of deception and lying. Dana Radcilffe from The Huffington Post explains that “A common tactic is to pull a remark out of its original context and depict it as meaning something the speaker never intended.” Another form of lying, according to “Lie or Lose” in the Independent used by very effective politicians is to repeat a lie again and again to deceive the public. It’s hard to lie often in public, and politicians know this. Therefore, they do so as a tactic to fool the voters into believing that it is the truth. Smart.
I think that even though it is immoral to lie and deceive as politicians, it is the way to win an audience and more importantly, voters. If politicians didn’t lie at all, the citizens wouldn’t be pleased to hear things and therefore could even question why certain politicians are running for anything as well. They also have to use deception as a form of competition.