While we may not have time for that or should I say want this, more types, than most probably wish, do exist of bullying. Generally, people tend of think of shoving, hitting or some kind of physical harm when they think of bullying or they may think of calling people names. While those are both predominant forms of bullying, they are far from the only ones.
The types of bullying can be divided up between direct and indirect forms. Direct forms are face to face. The person being bullyed see’s who’s bullying them and knows exactly what they are doing.
Example: 5-year-old Jim pulls Cindy pigtails and tells her that they look stupid. Cindy is aware that Jim is the one bullying her and that he did those actions.
Indirect forms take place behind the victims back which in some cases leave them not knowing exactly what is going on. Indirect forms are also less recognizable by adults.
Example: 13-year-old Mary sits alone at lunch because someone has started spreading a rumor that she doesn’t bath and now everyone is avoiding her. Mary does not know who started the rumor just that someone did.
Several types of bullying fall into these two forms of bullying including but not limited to physical, verbal, social, emotional, sexual, and cyber-bullying.
Physical (Direct): This is one of the two types that I mentioned earlier that most know of and have witnessed. Actions that fall under physical include hitting, biting, hair pulling, pushing, shoving, pinching, and any other behavior that can cause physical harm to its victim. According to Bullying Behaviors Among US Youth: Prevalence and Association With Psychosocial Adjustment, their study found that this form of bullying is generally seen among males more often than among females. Their study also states that there is a power imbalance among the victim and the bully where the victim is typically unable to defend him or herself against the bully. Also, there is typically repetition when it comes to physical bullying.
Verbal (Direct or Indirect): Verbal bullying included name-calling, insults, teasing, put-downs, and gossip. This can be done directly to the person or behind their back. Therefore, depending how its executed by the bully that it can be either direct or indirect. In Bullying Behaviors Among US Youth: Prevalence and Association With Psychosocial Adjustment, it was found that females are more often victims of verbal abuse than males are. According to An Integrated Review of Indirect, Rational, and Social Aggression, not only is it more common among females but that females take more offense to verbal abuse than males. This study shows that females typically care more about their social status than males therefore making verbal abuse worse than physical abuse for females.
Cyber-bullying: Cyber-bullying has become the most recent form of bullying with networking and social media taking negative turns for some. This takes place across the web in places like chat rooms, instant messages, social media sites like Facebook, gaming sites, and digital messages in cell phones. Within these places, it can take several forms such as flaming, harassment, denigration, impersonation, outing and trickery, exclusion and ostracism, cyber-stalking, and happy slapping. The two main problems that make cyber-bullying so bad are similar to the same reasons to why you don’t want an embarrassing video of you on YouTube. One: it probably will never be taken off the internet. Two: it will spread like wildfire. Once something is out onto the internet, you can’t control it. Someone will see it and they will share it with someone else then that person will share it. It’s a never ending cycle. Therefore, cyber-bullying can be repeated several times causing the person to be victimized by more and more people as the act goes on.
As you can see, there are various types of bullying. There’s not just one type to look out for but several types and there are more than the ones I’ve mentioned. Many things can be classified as bullying leaving its victims feeling victimized or alone.
“An Integrated Review of Indirect, Relational, and Social Aggression.” Personality and Social Psychology Review. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013.
Hines, Heather. ” TRADITIONAL BULLYING AND CYBER-BULLYING: ARE THE IMPACTS ON SELF-CONCEPT THE SAME?” Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://libres.uncg.edu/ir/wcu/f/Hines2011.pdf>.
Portland State University | Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.coun/files/media_assets/sca_point_min.pdf>.